name of prophet muhammad

[150] Arafat believes that Ibn Ishaq's Jewish sources, speaking over 100 years after the event, conflated this account with memories of earlier massacres in Jewish history; he notes that Ibn Ishaq was considered an unreliable historian by his contemporary Malik ibn Anas, and a transmitter of "odd tales" by the later Ibn Hajar. [151] Ahmad argues that only some of the tribe were killed, while some of the fighters were merely enslaved. [198] Among tombs adjacent to that of Muhammad are those of his companions (Sahabah), the first two Muslim caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar, and an empty one that Muslims believe awaits Jesus. Many details of major Islamic rituals such as daily prayers, the fasting and the annual pilgrimage are only found in the Sunnah and not the Quran.[264]. The tradition also describes an angel appearing to him and offering retribution against the assailants. He knew people would start worshiping him if they find his … The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Islamic tradition states that in 620, Muhammad experienced the Isra and Mi'raj, a miraculous night-long journey said to have occurred with the angel Gabriel. [118] Aware of the plan, the Meccan caravan eluded the Muslims. His neck was like the neck of an ivory statue, with the purity of silver. hold that the Isra and Mi'raj journey traveled through the heavens from the sacred enclosure at Mecca to the celestial al-Baytu l-Maʿmur (heavenly prototype of the Kaaba); later traditions indicate Muhammad's journey as having been from Mecca to Jerusalem. After migration to Medina, Muhammad, who was then in his fifties, married several more women. [165][166] In the years following the truce of Hudaybiyya, Muhammad directed his forces against the Arabs on Transjordanian Byzantine soil in the Battle of Mu'tah. The Muslims set an ambush for the caravan at Badr. Cambridge History of Islam (1970), p. 30. [274][275], The earliest documented Christian knowledge of Muhammad stems from Byzantine sources. Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). They interpreted the biography through a Christian religious filter, one that viewed Muhammad as a person who seduced the Saracens into his submission under religious guise. The rest of their property was claimed by Muhammad in the name of God as it was not gained with bloodshed. [4] It is estimated that more than 150 million men and boys in the world bear the name Muhammad due to its relationship to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. This placed Muhammad in danger; the withdrawal of clan protection implied that blood revenge for his killing would not be exacted. The pre-Islamic Middle East was dominated by the Byzantine and Sassanian empires. Among them were the enemy of God, Huyayy b. Akhtab, and Ka’b b. Asad, the head of the tribe. Whenever alliances against Medina were formed, he sent out expeditions to break them up. With the help of Ali, Muhammad fooled the Meccans watching him, and secretly slipped away from the town with Abu Bakr. He would go on to leave all the idols behind He is an example to the whole of mankind. [170] Soon they realized their mistake and sent Abu Sufyan to renew the Hudaybiyyah treaty, a request that was declined by Muhammad. Buhl, F.; Welch, A.T. (1993). Under the old ways individuals kept whatever booty they had captured. [131] In the ensuing months, the Meccans sent ambush parties to Medina while Muhammad led expeditions against tribes allied with Mecca and sent raiders onto a Meccan caravan. [168][169] A clan of the Bakr made a night raid against the Khuza'a, killing a few of them. And this Book confirms (it)...", while 2:136 commands the believers of Islam to "Say: we believe in God and that which is revealed unto us, and that which was revealed unto Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and which the prophets received from their Lord. Muhammad's denunciation of the Meccan traditional religion was especially offensive to his own tribe, the Quraysh, as they were the guardians of the Ka'aba. 1955) The Life of Muhammad. [202] Although the practice is frowned upon by the Saudis, many pilgrims continue to practice a ziyarat—a ritual visit—to the tomb. This was the name of the prophet who founded the Islamic religion in the 7th century. [42][43] According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad himself was a Hanif and one of the descendants of Ishmael, son of Abraham. I saw Prophet Abraham pbuh with a face that was not completely round but slightly oval , upside down eyebrows, v hairline , raven black wavy hair and a aquiline nose bridge which was one flowing curve, not a bump then a curve and not hooked or too big or too small . This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri Calendar. Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. Pagans who had not yet converted were very bitter about the advance of Islam. [245][246][247], Khadijah is said to have had four daughters with Muhammad (Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad, Zainab bint Muhammad, Fatimah Zahra) and two sons (Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad and Qasim ibn Muhammad, who both died in childhood). [252], Following the attestation to the oneness of God, the belief in Muhammad's prophethood is the main aspect of the Islamic faith. [85] However, the Quranic exegesis maintains that it began as Muhammad started public preaching. 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